Over 16,000 livestock have been vaccinated in Ishaqbini following concerns over deadly disease outbreaks
As with many of the NRT communities, livestock provides a sole income for the majority of the families living in Ishaqbini Community Conservancy. Their remote location and low income often means household livestock aren't vaccinated against common deadly diseases such as PPR (Peste des petits ruminants), CCPP (contagious caprine pleuropneumonia), BQ (black quarter & anthrax), and CBPP (contagious bovine pleuropneumonia). The loss of livestock can mean devastating consequences for families, who stand to lose thousands of shillings.
Livestock herders around Kotile Division, Ishaqbini, started reporting stock deaths and worrying symptoms consistent with several deadly and highly contagious livestock diseases in early March 2016. The Sub-County Veterinary Officer for Ijara immediately appealed for assistance from NRT.
NRT responded by acquiring 24,000 vaccines for PPR, CCP, BQ and CBP and supporting County veterinary officers and animal health assistants in three locations of Kotile. The vaccination campaign started on the Monday 21st March 2016 and lasted four days. A total of 16,148 cattle, sheep and goats were vaccinated during that time (an average of 4,037 livestock per day!) benefitting 61 households.
A total of 8,385 sheep were vaccinated against PPR - which has also been seen in some wild ruminants. PPR is also known as the sheep and goat plague. It is highly contagious, and according to the FAO, can infect up to 90 percent of an animal heard, killing anywhere from 30 to 70 percent of infected animals.
6,263 goats were vaccinated against contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP). This is a disease with high morbidity (80-100%) and mortality (6080%) rates. 994 cattle were vaccinated against contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) and 506 against black quarter and anthrax (BQ).